Untitled Document
Untitled Document
Historical information
Natural Resources
Seven Emirates
Culture & Heritage
Traditional Occupation
Appropriate Behavior
Traditional Sports
Sand deserts make up most of the country's terrain. Great waves of sand dunes spread inland from the west coast, rising ever higher as they move towards the mountains, reaching their most massive development in the extreme south. Around the Liwa Oasis the dunes tower 100 meters above the palm groves which shelter in the valleys between them.
This was the home of the Bedouins who roamed the sands, living in low, black tents, seeking grazing for their herds of camels, sheep and goats. Today there are no nomadic Bedouins in the country; all have settled in modern houses, often built in villages on the edge of the sands or in the oases. They still keep camels, sheep and goats. Today there are more camels in the desert than ever before.
Fishing continues to be a worthwhile occupation on both the Arabian Gulf coastline and in the Gulf of Oman. Fresh fish, available at local fish souqs for those who could not fish, was often the only source of protein for the indigenous coastal population. Sun-dried fish was also a valuable food source for people inland, as well as fodder for animals and fertilizer (usually sardines) for crops.

The age-old pearling industry was the economic base of the population along the southern Arabian Gulf coast in the last century, allowing many groups dependent upon this valuable resource to flourish and acquire a settled status. Pearling continued to be a vitally important source of wealth until the early 1930s when this lucrative trade, already devastated by the Japanese introduction of the cultured pearl, was deeply affected by a decrease in demand due to economic depression in Europe and America. The extent of pearling activity in the Arabian Gulf is demonstrated by the fact that in its heyday over 1200 pearling boats operated out of the Trucial States, each carrying a crew of 18 men average.
Today there is very little pearl diving. The organised annual diving (ghaus) is no more.

Dates have been the staple diet of the inhabitants of the UAE for hundreds of years. Most dates are consumed fresh, but they can be preserved for later use by drying in the sun. The midsummer date harvest has been an occasion for socialising as well as hard work, giving many families an opportunity to enjoy the relatively cool and green environs of the oases.
Date palms not only provided nourishment for the human population, but in many cases, fodder for animals/. Palm fronds were used to construct dwellings and were even woven to make small boats.
Date palms can be grown from seed, but the usual way of growing a new tree is by transplanting a shoot sprouted from the base of a mature tree.

The camel has always been the most important animal bred in this region. Not only did the camel provide transport, milk, meat, wool, skin for water containers, belts, sandals and dung for fuel, but it was also a marketable resource used to acquire certain essentials such as rifles, clothes, rice, coffee, sugar and even jewellery.
Winding camel caravans carrying goods for hundreds of miles were a familiar feature of this southeastern corner of Arabia throughout history.
Traditionally camel herding was at its peak in wintertime when vast distances were covered in search of adequate grazing.     During the summer Bedouin traveled to wells as near as possible to grazing.
Camels transported whole families and their belonging from the humid coast to summer locations in the cooler oases. Camels were also the main means of transport for pilgrims visiting Mecca on the Hajj.
Today camels continue to command a tremendous amount of affection, respect and admiration from their owners.
Designed &Created By HIRAKEE